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Fire drills happen a couple of times a year. Even though they are drills, they are very important because through practice your students will learn what to do and how to behave in an emergency. Ultimately, the responsibility for these lessons rests on your shoulders. So how do you prepare and lead during a fire drill? Following are some important steps and hints to help you be effective and remain in control.
Take It Seriously
Even though it is just a drill and even though you have participated in these since you were a small child, this does not mean that you should not treat it as though you were in an actual emergency. Children will take their cue from you. If you talk about how silly it is or act as if it is not worthwhile or important then students won't respect it either.
Know Your Escape Route Beforehand
This is especially true for new teachers. You want to look in control and in charge because this will help you keep the students under control once they all get to their destination. Make sure that you talk with your fellow teachers BEFORE the actual fire drill day so that you feel confident about where you will be going with the students.
Review With Your Students Beforehand
Make sure that you let your students know where you will be leading them in case of an emergency. Explain to them what your expectations are in terms of leaving, walking through the school, staying together, and gathering in the assembly area. Explain the consequences of misbehavior. This should be done early in the year.
This seems like a given but sometimes the teacher causes more problems than the students by not remaining calm from the beginning. You should act serious and in charge. No yelling. No getting excited. Just tell your students to line up calmly.
Have Students Line Up and Stay in Line
When the fire alarm goes off, have the students immediately line up at the door. This will help them remain calm and you keep control. Single file works well, even with older children.
Grab Your Grade/Attendance Book
Make sure that you take your grade/attendance book with you. First, you will need to take roll when you get to the assembly area. Second, you will want to have the pertinent course records in case there truly was a fire. Third, you do not want to leave this unattended just in case some students planned mischief during the fire drill.
Check the Room, Lock the Door, and Turn out the Light
Make sure to check that you haven't left any students behind in the classroom. Turn out the lights and lock the door. Locking the door is important so that no one except the authorities can get into your classroom while you are gone. Students will probably leave their purses in the room and you might have some valuables you don't want to be disturbed. This action ensures that persons who are up to no good will stay out of your room.
Lead Your Students Quietly
Like it or not, you are judged on your students' behavior. Therefore, try to maintain control as you walk through the school. Students should not be stopping off at their locker, going to the restroom, or visiting their friends from other classes. Make this very clear to your students before and during the fire drill. Make sure to have consequences if students don't follow your rules.
Take Roll as Soon as You Get to Your Area
When you get to the assembly area, you should immediately take roll to determine that you have all your students accounted for. You are responsible for your students. You will want to let the principal or another administrator at your location if you can't account for everyone who was present in class. This will allow them to act quickly to find the missing students.
Demand Excellent Behavior
Once you get to the assembly area, there will be some time before the all-clear signal is given. During this waiting period, you will want your students to stay with you and to behave. Therefore, make sure that you stay with your students and enforce your rules. You can use this time to chat with your students in a more relaxed atmosphere. However, always remember that you are in charge and ultimately responsible for your students even in the assembly area.