McConnell DE-163 - History

McConnell DE-163 - History

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Riley Franklin McConnell, born 22 July 1884 at Gate City, Va., graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy 7 June 1909, For over three decades he carried out a wide variety of assignments. During World War I he served as navigator in Arkansas; later, he had duty as executive officer in Ohio, Relief, and Chicago; and in 1935 and 1036 he commanded Milwaukee. Following instruction at the Naval War College, he served on the staff of Commander in Chief, Asiatic Fleet, between 1925 and 1927. Commissioned captain 1 September 1934, he returned to the Asiatic Fleet and served as Chief of Staff from 30 October 1936 to 25 July 1939. For distinguished service during this period, be received the 'Navy Cross. Ile assumed command of the Naval Training Station at San Diego 22 August 1939 and died while on active duty there 12 July I940.

(DE-163: dp. 1,240; 1. 306'; b. 36'8"; dr. 8'0"; s. 21 k.; cpl. 186; a. 3 3", 2 40min., 8 20mm., 3 21" tt., 2 dct., 8 dcp., I dcp. (hh.) ; el. Cannon)

McConnell (DE-163) was laid down by Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Newark, N.J., 19 October 1942; launched 28 March 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Grace Otteson McConnell; and commissioned at Brooklyn Navy Yard 28 May 1943, Comdr, D. D. Humphreys in command.

After shakedown off Bermuda and training out of Norfolk, McConnell sailed for the west coast 24 August, transited the Panama Canal the 31st, and reached San Francisco 10 September. Departing 10 days later, she escorted ships to Pearl Harbor, Samoa, New Caledonia, and the New Hebrides and on 29 October arrived off Guadalcinal, Solomons, for patrol and escort duty.

Assigned to Escort Division 11, McConnell carried out extensive escort and ASW patrol operations in the South Pacific during the next 7 months. Operating primarily out of New Caledonia and the New Hebrides, she escorted ships to American bases throughout the Solomons from Tulagi to Bougainville, as well as to the Fijis and Samoa. She departed the Solomons 12 June 1944 in the screen of a convoy bound for the Marshalls and reached Eniwetok 18 June.

McConnell patrolled between Eniwetok and Kwajalein until 23 July when she sailed to escort ships carrying men and supplies for the recapture of Guam, She closed the western coast of Guam 28 July, protected off-loading ships from enemy submarines, thence returned to Eniwetok in convoy 29 July to 2 August. Departing the Marshalls 20 August, she arrived Manus, Admiralties, the 26th; and, on I September, sailed with ships of the Logistics Support Group (TG 30.8). During much of the month she escorted oilers and supply ships as they replenished ships of the Fast Carrier Task Force, then carrying out devastating airstrikes in the Palaus and the Philippines. In October she screened logistics ships as they provided at-sea support for the hard-hitting carriers 'pounding enemy positions from Formosa to Mindanao.

Departed Eniwetok .1 November, touched at Pearl Harbor the 12th, and reached San Francisco 22 November. Followlug overhaul at Mare Island, on 16 January she departed for Hawaii to perform patrol and escort duties until sailing for the Marshalls 11 March. Between 24 March and 4 May she made three round trips to the Marianas and back while escorting convoys to Guam and Saipan.

McConnell steamed to Majuro 6 May and during the closing months of World War 11 patrolled off the bypassed islands in the Marshalls. She conducted periodic shore bombardments, and she provided air-sea rescue service during airstrikes against enemy-controlled islands. She rescued eight Marshallese natives off Jaluit 13 May. On the 14th, and again on the 21st, she captured two surrendering Japanese soldiers from Enejet and Bokku. Following the Japanese capitulation 15 August, she carried American occupation troops to Mille Atoll 28 August; at Jaluit, Japanese came aboard to surrender their forces on the island 5 September.

McConnell departed the Marshalls 16 September and steamed via the west coast to New York, arriving 20 October. She sailed to Green Cove Springs, Fla., 13 to 16 November, decommissioned there 20 June 1946, and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. Into 1969, she remains with the Atlantic Inactive Fleet and is berthed at Norfolk.

McConnell received three battle stars for World War II service.

McConnell DE-163 - History

The Jaluit Atoll surrender took place on September 5, 1945. This article appeared in DESANews, January-February issue, 1988, submitted by Norman Hale of USS McConnell DE 163.

The Surrender of Jaluit Atoll

Jaluit Atoll in the Marshalls: The American Flag was raised over the Japanese Capitol of the Marshall Islands this afternoon within a few hours after it's garrison of 2,000 men surrendered unconditonally to the United States.

The surrender took place aboard the Destroyer Escort USS McConnell, anchored in the lagoon, when Rear Admiral W. K. Harrill, Commander Marshalls-Gilberts Area, acting for Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, accepted the surrender of Rear Admiral Nisuke Masuda, Japanese Atoll Commander. Captain H. B. Grow, Atoll Commander of nearby Majuro, represented Admiral Harrill in the preliminary negotiations.

Witnessing the historic ceremony were Commodores B. H. Wyatt, Commander of Kwajalein Naval Air Base, of Williamsburg, Kentucky Captain Grow, a native of Greenville, Michigan Col. D. W. Johnston, Army Psychological Warfare Officer, of Alexandria, Virginia Commander R. C. Jozro, III, Commander Escort Division 55, of Atlanta, Georgia Lieut. Col. E. J. Moore, Long Beach, California Commander W. C. Burehard, Medical Officer of Majuro, of San Francisco Major W. E. Jenson, USMC, of Minneapolis Lieut. Comdr. F. M. Keathley, Commanding Officer of the USS McConnell, of Corsiana, Texas Lieut. Comdr. J. Grieve, Aide to Commodore Wyatt, of Los Angeles Lieut. Comdr. A. R. Phipps, Aide to Commodore Harrill, of Denver, Colorado Lieut. Comdr. R. F. Harper, Public Information Officer for ComMarGil Staff, of Philadelphia Lieut. H. A. Breed, Executive Officer of the USS McConnell, of Louisville, Kentucky Lieut. G. R. Harris, Liason and Psychological Warfare Officer, of New York City Lieut. G. R. Mintoah, Aide to Captain Grow, of Palatine, Illinois and Lieut. P. S. Perry, Public Information Officer for Majuro Atoll, of Berkley, California.

The flag raising was brief and simple. Colors were sounded, and Old Glory ascended while a detachment of U.S. Officers, sailors and marines stood at attention. Japs joined them in saluting the flag.

The Atoll, which was neutralized when Naval Forces occupied Kwajalein, Eniwetok and Majuro in the Marshalls, bares stark evidence to the intermittent air and sea bombardment it has undergone for the past year and ahalf. Desolation and bomb craters are everywhere.

Probably even worse on the Japs than the explosive punishment was the iron bond blockade the Navy threw about the place. They all appeared poorly fed, and their clothing is limited to scanty loincloths. Not a single ship or submarine is believed to have reached them in more than a year.

Present arrangements will allow the 2,000 Japs, survivors of an original garrison of 2,500, to remain on the atoll subsisting on their own grown vegetables. The Japanese will be segregated from the 1,200 natives remaining on the atoll.

In the lagoon with the McConnell are two other Destroyer Escorts, the Baron DE 166 and Wingfield DE 194, and two LCIs, the 392 and 481, standing by as a precautionary measure against any emergency that might have arisen. None did.

Jaluit is the second prewar held Jap territory in the Marshalls to surrender unconditionally. Mille was the first.

13 December 1944
0830 Hours

From: Commander Escort Division Eleven
CO, USS Levy DE 162
CO, USS McConnell DE 163
CO, USS Osterhaus DE 164
CO, USS Parks DE 165
CO, USS Baron DE 166
CO, USS Acree DE 167

Upon being relieved as ComCortDiv Eleven, I wish to express to all hands my great appreciation for the spirit and reputation which you have gained and maintained throughout our time together in the pacific. I regret we did not see more action or have some subs to our credit. Ours is the pride and satisfaction of having done well a necessary but unspectacular job. I am happy and proud to have been your Commander. Best wishes for your next cruise. Good speed and good hunting.

McConnell slams Black history curriculum: 'There was a lot of slavery' in other countries

The Senate minority leader previously called it an 'exotic notion' to consider the year slavery began in America as a key historical moment.

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said on Wednesday that efforts to expand understanding of Black history in America and its relationship with slavery were misguided because there was "a lot of slavery going on around in the world" at that time.

At an appearance in Shelbyville, Kentucky, McConnell was asked about ongoing Republican attacks on efforts to include more information race and racism in school curricula.

McConnell responded that he "[didn't] think the government ought to be able to dictate, in effect, what's taught," but was quick to fault curriculum with a critical eye toward U.S. history.

"I think criticizing such things as the 1619 Project, which tends to put that date as something uniquely American — there was a lot of slavery going on around in the world in the early 1600s," said McConnell.

He added, "We fought the Civil War in order to put our original sin behind us. We passed the Voting Rights Act in 1965 in order to further enfranchise minorities in our country."

The Senate minority leader was referring to a collaborative effort by the New York Times and New York Times Magazine, called the 1619 Project, which is so named for the year enslaved Africans were first brought to the United States. That moment in history was followed by the importation of thousands of enslaved Blacks to America and subsequently hundreds of years of enslavement and systemic racism that has followed.

McConnell also said that he did not believe the government "is any better at proscribing what ought to be taught" in schools.

That statement runs contrary to his own recent actions. In April, McConnell and a group of nearly 40 other Senate Republicans sent a letter to Education Secretary Miguel Cardona drop a proposal that would give grants to programs addressing systemic racism.

The letter described such programs as "activist indoctrination" and referred to the 1619 Project as "debunked advocacy" that would be "spoon-feeding students a slanted story."

Earlier in May, McConnell issued a statement saying that highlighting the beginning of slavery in the United States as a key point in history was an "exotic notion."

Republicans in the last few months have gone after such education efforts, falsely branded as "critical race theory," at both the federal and state level, with some state legislatures attempting to prohibit them altogether. The attacks echo Donald Trump's similarly worded statements toward the close of his failed reelection campaign in 2020.

"They were teaching people that our country is a horrible place, it's a racist place. And they were teaching people to hate our country," Trump said during the first presidential debate in September, remarking on his decision days earlier to ban federal agencies and contractors from providing diversity or anti-racism training. "I'm not gonna allow that to happen."

In response, Trump's then-rival candidate Joe Biden, said curtly, "Nobody's doing that."

Published with permission of The American Independent Foundation.

Dr. Richard L. McConnell Collection, 1953-2006

Provenance: Richard McConnell donated this collection in September 2001 and 2006.

Access/Restrictions: There are no restrictions on use of this collection for research purposes. The researcher assumes full responsibility for observing all copyright, property, and libel laws as they apply.

Processed by: Archives staff processed the collection. Jeff A. Jenson developed the finding aid in May and December 2006. Brianne Johnson revised the finding aid in May 2008.


This collection should be cited as:

Dr. Richard L. McConnell Collection, 1953-2006. KC Manuscript Collection 95, Archives of the City of Kingsport,Tennessee.

The Dr. Richard L. McConnell collection consists of McConnell’s curriculum vitae, various papers and presentations, and over 100 patents based on his work at Eastman Kodak and Eastman Chemical Company between 1953 and 2005. A number of other scientists helped conduct the research behind the papers, presentations, and patents contained within this collection. In addition, there are manuscript papers researched and written by McConnell concerning people and organizations in the area of Kingsport,Tennessee. These include Fess Witt, the Has Beens Band, material on Riley McConnell and the Destroyer Escort McConnell, plus interviews with Glen Milhorn and Benjamin Sullivan, Jr. concerning World War II.

Biographical Note
McConnell began working at Tennessee Eastman in 1951 as a Research Chemist. In 1986, he retired as a Senior Research Associate for the Research Laboratories of the Eastman Chemicals division but continued to work as a consultant in polymer chemistry.

Eastman Chemical Company.

McConnell, Richard L. (Richard Leon), 1926-.

McConnell, Riley Franklin, 1884-1940.

Witt, Fess (Sylvester Thompson), 1881-1956.



1. Curriculum Vitae, undated

2. “Fusible Interlockings Made with Polyester Adhesives” in Powder Coatings 5 no. 1, pp 11-16, June 1982

3. “Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry, Inc. (TAPPI)” presentation made to the 1983 TAPPI Hot Melt short course, June 13-15 in Hilton Head, SC, 1983

4. “Polyester Adhesives in Nonwovens and Other Textile Applications,” Paper presented at AATCC Coated Fabrics Symposium, September 18-19, 1985 in Wakefield, MA(also additional copy printed in Journal of Coated Fabrics V no. 16, January 1987), 1985-1987

5. “New Developments in Polyester Adhesives,” presented at TAPPI Nonwovens Conference,Atlanta,GA, April 1986

6. “Polyphosphates and Polyphosphonates Derived from Dyhydroxy Aromatic Compounds,” presented at the American Chemical Society,Chicago,IL, September 1958

7. “Polyphosphonamides Derived from Phosphonic Diamides,” by H.W. Coover, Jr., Richard L. McConnell, andNewtonH. Shearer, Jr. presented at the American Chemical Society,Chicago,IL, September 1958

8. “Reactions to Dialkyl Hydrogen Phosphites with . . . Unsaturated Systems” by Marvin A. McCall, Richard L. McConnell, and H.W. Coover, Jr. presented at the Annual Meeting of the Tennessee Academy of Science, Oak Ridge, TN, November 1953

9. “Relationship of Catalyst Composition to Catalytic Activity for the Polymerization of . . .” by Richard L. McConnell presented at the National ACS meeting, NY, 1963 UT, 1969 UK Chemical Engineering Department, 1971 and Murray State University, 1972

10. Macromolecular Reviews, vol. 1, 1966

11. TEC Research Laboratories, various journals with McConnell articles, 1956-1966

12. Patents, United States Patent Office, 2,751,384 2,798,086 2,824,081 2,849,476 2,852,549 2,861,092 2,861,093 2,861,094 2,865,947 2,865,949 2,865,950 2,875,229 2,875,231 2,875,232 2,882,278 2,895,984 2,899,455 2,900,405 2,912,450 2,916,508 2,921,086 2,926,145, June 1956-February1960

13. Patents, United States Patent Office, 2,928,841 2,940,961 2,945,053 2,947,775 2,952,666 2,952,701 2,957,019 2,960,528 2,964,528 2,972,621 2,972,628 2,992,219 3,030,340 3,041,350 3,053,795 3,053,852 3,057,773 3,062,788 3,062,792 3,072,669 3,089,850 3,096,385 March 1960-July 1963

14. Patents, United States Patent Office, 3,106,566 3,121,105 3,165,557 3,236,900 3,271,329 3,285,863 3,287,328 3,297,724 3,298,998 3,336,421 3,376,232 3,377,409 3,410,825 3,415,789 3,450,677 3,455,871 3,480,580 3,519,609 3,524,759 3,547,893 3,555,110 3,562,788, October 1963-February 1971

15. Patents, United States Patent Office, 3,579,486 3,658,948 3,733,373 3,837,990 3,856,899 3,862,266 3,919,176 3,932,368 3,954,697 4,070,316 4,072,812 4,072,813 4,105,718 4,122,208 4,120,916 4,136,069 4,140,733 4,146,586 4,155,952 4,169,116 4,173,680 4,178,272, May 1971-December 1979

16. Patents, United States Patent Office, 4,210,570 4,217,426 4,217,428 4,217,435 4,259,470 4,264,756 4,288,358 4,299,933 4,299,934 4,329,270 4,340,526 4,350,807 4,350,808 4,352,925 4,363,908 4,375,540 4,384,064 4,401,720 4,450,250 4,468,490 4,480,087 4,481,351, July 1980-November 1984

17. Patents, United States Patent Office, 4,481,352 4,483,969 4,487,919 4,540,749 4,551,521 4,554,206 4,554,303 4,576,997 4,598,142 4,727,107 5,399,595 5,482,977 5,519,066 5,643,991 5,654,347 5,736,086 5,801,206 6,068,910 6,132,868 6,139,954 6,231,976, November 1984-May 2001


1. Patent Application Publication, 2001/0012557 A1, August 2001and Patents,United States Patent Office, 6,310,134 B1 6,495,656 B1 6,497,950 B1 6,562,938 B2, October 2001-May 2003

2. Patent Application Publications, 2002/0010257 A1 2002/0132960 A1 2002/0151656 A1 2002/0198329 A1, 2002 and Patents,United States Patent Office, 6,582,818 B2 6,616,998 B2, June and September 2003

3. Patent Application Publications, 2003/0018139 A1 2003/0055206 A1 2003/0065075 A1 2004/0072960 A1, January 2003-April 2004 and Patents,United States Patent Office, 6,846,440 B2, January 2005

4. Music in the Kingsport Area, Research Manuscripts, “The Has Beens Band,” September 2005 “Sounds of Music Around Kingsport,” July 2005 “Sylvester Thompson Witt,” July 1994

5. Interviews and Research, World War II Veterans Glen H. Milhorn and Benjamin B. Sullivan, Jr., 2005-2006

6. Research Papers, “Riley Franklin McConnell, Captain USN” and “The Destroyer Escort McConnell (DE-163),” 2005

University of Louisville criticizes alum Mitch McConnell for 1619 slavery comments


The University of Louisville's leadership publicly criticized Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell for saying he doesn't see 1619 — often seen as the start of American slavery — as one of U.S. history's most important points.

U of L's interim senior associate vice president for diversity and equity, Dr. V. Faye Jones, sent out a campuswide email Thursday in which she said McConnell's comments "are quite troubling for American descendants of slaves, our allies and those who support us."

"To imply that slavery is not an important part of United States history not only fails to provide a true representation of the facts, but also denies the heritage, culture, resilience and survival of Black people in America," Jones said in the email.

"It also fails to give context to the history of systemic racial discrimination, the United States’ 'original sin' as Sen. McConnell called it, which still plagues us today," she continued.

She was referring to statements McConnell — a U of L alumnus — made Monday during a visit to U of L's ShelbyHurst campus, where he appeared alongside U of L President Neeli Bendapudi.

McConnell quickly drew criticism for his response that day when a reporter asked about a letter he and other Senate Republicans sent to U.S. Education Secretary Miguel Cardona that criticized a proposed plan to prioritize educational efforts that focus on systemic racism in U.S. history.

“I think this is about American history and the most important dates in American history. And my view — and I think most Americans think — dates like 1776, the Declaration of Independence 1787, the Constitution 1861-1865, the Civil War, are sort of the basic tenets of American history," McConnell said Monday.

Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., speaks at a press conference after touring the Regional Biocontainment Lab - Center for Predictive Medicine at the University of Louisville on Monday, May 3, 2021. (Photo: Michael Clevenger/Courier Journal)

“There are a lot of exotic notions about what are the most important points in American history. I simply disagree with the notion that The New York Times laid out there that the year 1619 was one of those years," he continued.

He was referring to The 1619 Project, a New York Times initiative that emphasized the importance of the year American slavery essentially began as well as slavery’s long-term consequences for the country. It also examined and reframed U.S. history through that lens.

“I think that issue that we all are concerned about — racial discrimination — it was our original sin. We’ve been working for 200-and-some-odd years to get past it,” McConnell also said Monday. “We’re still working on it, and I just simply don’t think that’s part of the core underpinning of what American civic education ought to be about."

Jones' letter Thursday to the U of L community made it clear the university's leadership — including Bendapudi — deeply disagrees with McConnell's statements.

"What we know to be true is that slavery and the date the first enslaved Africans arrived and were sold on U.S. soil are more than an 'exotic notion,' " she wrote. "If the Civil War is a significant part of history, should not the basis for it also be viewed as significant?"

U of L leadership's rebuke of McConnell is notable, in no small part because Kentucky's powerful senator has a long history with the institution.

He graduated from the university in 1964, and in 1991, he founded the McConnell Center, which has provided scholarships to U of L students for many years.

Jones indicated U of L leaders' rejection of McConnell's statements were necessary to uphold the university's publicly stated vision for its future.

She wrote: "Our vision statement affirms that we 'commit ourselves to building an exemplary educational community that offers a nurturing and challenging intellectual climate, a respect for the spectrum of human diversity, and a genuine understanding of the many differences — including race, ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, religion, diversity of thought and political ideology — that enrich a vibrant metropolitan research university.'

"To be true to that vision, President Bendapudi, Provost (Lori Stewart) Gonzalez and I reject the idea that the year 1619 is not a critical moment in the history of this country."

McConnell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The surname McConnell was first found in Ayrshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir), formerly a county in the southwestern Strathclyde region of Scotland, that today makes up the Council Areas of South, East, and North Ayrshire, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the census rolls taken by the ancient Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

Coat of Arms and Surname History Package

$24.95 $21.20

Early History of the McConnell family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McConnell research. Another 67 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 154 and 1546 are included under the topic Early McConnell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt

McConnell Spelling Variations

The translation of Gaelic names in the Middle Ages was not a task undertaken with great care. Records from that era show an enormous number of spelling variations, even in names referring to the same person. Over the years McConnell has appeared as MacConnell, MacConnal, MacConnel, Connell and others.

Early Notables of the McConnell family (pre 1700)

Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McConnell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the McConnell family to Ireland

Some of the McConnell family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

McConnell migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

McConnell Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
McConnell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Barney McConnell, aged 40, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Michael McConnell, aged 32, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Patrick McConnell, aged 37, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Robert McConnell, aged 19, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Terry McConnell, aged 31, who arrived in New York in 1812 [1]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

McConnell migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

McConnell Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • George McConnell, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Mr. Benjamin McConnell U.E. who settled in St. Mary's, Guysborough County, Nova Scotia c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. Hugh McConnell U.E. who settled in Fredericksburgh [Greater Napanee], Ontario c. 1784 [2]
  • Mr. Joseph McConnell U.E. who settled in St. Mary's, Guysborough County, Nova Scotia c. 1784 [2]
McConnell Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Merinus McConnell, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • John McConnell, aged 28, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Shane McConnell, aged 29, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • Mary McConnell, aged 30, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Billow" in 1833
  • John McConnell, aged 24, a shoemaker, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Quintin Leitch" in 1833
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

McConnell migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

McConnell Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Simon McConnell, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846 [3]
  • C. McConnell, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Orator" in 1849 [4]
  • Elizabeth McConnell, aged 19, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "David Malcolm" [5]
  • James McConnell, aged 23, a farm servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Admiral Boxer"
  • Henry McConnell, aged 19, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Agincourt"
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

McConnell migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

McConnell: 1619, the year Blacks were enslaved in US, not ‘most important’ point in history

LOUISVILLE, Ky. (WAVE) - Senator Mitch McConnell has drawn criticism over comments he made during a visit to the University of Louisville Monday about the history of African American slavery in the United States.

“There are a lot of exotic notions about what are the most important points in American history,” McConnell said during a question and answer segment with reporters. “I simply disagree with the notion that the New York Times laid out there that the year 1619 was one of those years.”

McConnell was referring to the 1619 Project, which is a New York Times initiative that emphasizes the significance of the year in which the first Africans were brought to Virginia and sold into slavery.

The Kentucky senator continued on to say racism is an “original sin” that American society is still working to get past, though it has been an issue for 200 years.

“We are still working on it. I just simply do not think that’s part of the core underpinning of what American civic education ought to be about,” McConnell said. “This is about American history and the most important dates in history. My view, and I think most Americans, think dates like 1776, the Declaration of Independence, 1787, the Constitution, 1861 to 1865, the Civil War, are some of the basic tenants of American history.”


The question that has come up most often since this overhaul began has been, “Could we get the engines operational and get USS SLATER underway on her own power? We’ll address that question tonight. The short answer is yes, we could, but why?

The ship has been financially successful as a static museum ship. At the present time, thanks to our 2,500 individual members and donors, we are able to maintain USS SLATER-.A/T AETOS as one of the finest examples of maritime preservation in the world and continue to build our endowment fund. That financial stability would no doubt be jeopardized should we try to make the vessel operational. It would probably take about 15 million dollars to get her seaworthy again. At this time, we do not have the funding, but our policy is not to do anything to the ship that would preclude the next generation from making her seaworthy if they so desire, should they decide to accept that challenge.

Environmental considerations play a major factor. All of the USS SLATER’s fuel oil tanks and the main engine oil sumps are “Skin Tanks” meaning the actual hull forms part of the tanks. All the tanks were cleaned and degassed in the shipyard overhaul of 2014. Since the ship does not have a double bottom, it would be too risky to reintroduce oil to the tanks, for fear of a leak. This is a risk hard to justify in today’s environmental climate

In addition, all the cooling water inlets and outlets (25 total) for the diesel engine cooling were plated over when the ship was in Greece as an insurance requirement for towing the ship across the Atlantic, so we have no way to cool the engines. In addition, when the Greeks walked off the ship in 1991, it was assumed she was going for scrap, so no preservation measures were taken to protect the machinery. The water was never drained from the engines. Since coming to America, the machinery has been through 25 years of hard winters, so it has to been assumed there is freeze damage to the machinery. Parts to restore the machinery are becoming more difficult and expensive to find.

Since the ship came to Albany in 1998 our engineers have activated the emergency diesel generator, a Cleveland 3-268A 100 kw battery start genset. That engine had three cracked cylinder liners and was in very bad condition, but is now operational. The cooling system was modified with the use of a truck radiator.

In 2012 and 2013 the engineers successfully overhauled and ran number 2 ships service generator, a Cleveland 8-268A 200 kw air start genset. This engine was in much better condition than the emergency diesel generator, and has been run many times under load. These generators kept AC power on the ship for the trip to and from the yard.

During the 2014 overhaul, all the blanks on the sea chests were renewed with heavier steel, except for the B-3 ship’s service generator. That sea chest was opened up so that the engine can be cooled in the traditional way. Fuel for the two operational generators is stored in the 275-gallon heating oil tank in the muffler room and gravity fed to day tanks mounted on the bulkheads in B-3 and B-4.

However, the number of local volunteer engineers who are interested in the project has dwindled from six to one. Age has taken its toll on our volunteers, and new engineers are not stepping up to the plate.

When the US Navy donates a ship as a museum, the contracts specifically state that the vessel can never be made operational or navigated. In the case of SLATER, as a direct donation from the Government of Greece to the Destroyer Escort Historical Museum, through the State Department, we do not have that restriction. We are the only large combat ship on display in America that could legally be made operational. However, we would have to comply with all the Coast Guard safety and environmental regulations.

The main propulsion machinery is almost completely intact. The only equipment that was removed by the Greeks were the two auxiliary boilers that made steam for heating, cooking and the laundry, and the evaporator that made fresh water. All the missing equipment was located in B-2. This would not impact our ability to get under way.

With regards to opening the sea valves so the machinery could be made operational, there are a total of 25 openings below the waterline for cooling machinery. The ship would have to go into a dry dock to remove the blanking plates, and then the valves and piping would have to be overhauled.

There is one serious concern about efforts to activate propulsion machinery aboard the SLATER. That is the issue of the sea chests freezing. As you know we are in fresh water here in Albany and it gets very cold. So cold that the water in the shaft alleys use to freeze solid. One year the sump pump down there was frozen in through March. We are very reluctant to remove any of these blanks as once we introduce fresh water into the machinery space piping. Since we can’t afford to keep heat on the machinery spaces, we run the risk of ice bursting a line and having a very unpleasant surprise when the spring thaw comes.

This is not paranoia. This actually happened to the cruiser LITTLE ROCK in Buffalo many years ago, and several marine surveyors and operators have warned us that this is a concern if we cannot keep the machinery spaces heated in the winter time

As a precaution, during the shipyard overhaul, two water tight boxes were welded around the propeller shafts where the shafts leave the stern tubs to keep the shaft tunnel dry and prevent corrosion to the tunnel and leakage in the shaft alleys. You can see that operating machinery results in a condition that the museum professionals call Consumptive use of an artifact.”

Over the years, various proposals have been put forth for the installation of a smaller modern automated propulsion system in the aft fuel tanks or magazines. For the present time, such modification have not been considered, as getting the ship underway is not judged to be as high a priority as long term hull preservation.

'Behind us': Mitch McConnell giggles as he shares his extremely whitewashed version of US history

The New York Times' 1619 Project was created in order to refocus American history on its story of race and economics. The 1619 date is a reminder of the first enslaved Africans brought by ship to the early European settlements in North and South America. This is history that has long been available to people to discover, but has also been ignored and frequently hidden or suppressed in our country's official retellings of our collective story. Conservatives across the country, bereft of any ideas since feudalism, are recasting the 1619 Project and other critical race theory educational initiatives as an attack on our country. In their estimation, only white males like themselves are allowed to feel persecuted, and any discussion of race and the moral anchor that systemic racism has moored our country's progress forward is an assault on their monopoly on power. They are right about the latter.

On Wednesday, Sen. McConnell took time away from never passing any legislation that wasn't voter suppression-related or a tax break for the richest amongst us, to speak at a press conference in the Citizens Union Bank in Shelbyville, Kentucky. McConnell's fellow Kentuckian Republican Rep. Joseph Fischer recently filed Bill Request 60, for the upcoming 2022 state legislature session that would limit how race and the history of racism in our country is taught. Here's an elementary school level bit of math for you: Kentucky + Republican Rep. + bill about the teaching of race and racism = X* Here's another equation for you math nerds: Mitch McConnell + statement about race and education + microphone = X**

**Answer: Very imaginably racist.

On Wednesday, McConnell told the press that the fact the world participated in slavery and the slave trade during the 17th century means that in America historians marking the first enslaved Africans brought to the Americas isn't important history. That's what he argued.

Man, turtles live a long time.

McConnell's answer came out of a question from The Courier Journal concerning his support or opposition to the kinds of constraints his fellow Republicans are trying to put on public school teachers and educators. He went on to say that the federal government shouldn't tell schools what to teach, and he also didn't seem to knock the fact that Republicans across the country are the only political group telling schools what they should teach.

Mitch McConnell has previously described the focus on the 1619 date in American history as an "exotic notion." He has also categorized any push for education curriculums to include more comprehensive teaching on systemic racism, "activist indoctrination." McConnell's intellectually dishonest angle on the 1619 date is that by calling attention to our country's founding dependence on cheap labor and the evolution of our nation's racism, we "denigrate and downgrade" other, more positive and less uncomfortable, achievements that our country has made.

It's a garbage argument as pointing out our country's systemic racism, and very specifically highlighting 1619 as a date, is clearly an important part of our nation's story. Millions of Americans of all races, cultures, and creeds have been directly affected, and continue to be affected, by those decisions. The Civil War that McConnell says put this sin "behind us," is only fought because of that date, and to deny it and the existence of its reach is incongruous with even the words coming out of the Kentucky senator's disingenuous yap.

McConnell's attempt at speaking out of both sides of his mouth included this statement: "I think trying to completely denigrate and downgrade American historical moments like 1776, 1787, 1965—critical moments—is a mistake." If you want to know what truly denigrates and downgrades our country's history, and specifically what those dates mark, all you need to see are McConnell's own actions in orchestrating a filibuster of a commission into the events of Jan. 6—something that had the bipartisan support of his own constituents. As for the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the Republican Party is in the middle of generating hundreds of voter suppression laws throughout the country.

Here's McConnell telling people that systemic racism and our country's use of slavery and racism as a controlling economic foundation is "exotic."

UofL VP of diversity and equity calls McConnell 1619 comments 'troubling'

The Senate Minority Leader said he disagreed with The New York Times' '1619 project.'

What did your Mcconnell ancestors do for a living?

In 1939, General Labourer and Unpaid Domestic Duties were the top reported jobs for men and women in the UK named Mcconnell. 12% of Mcconnell men worked as a General Labourer and 73% of Mcconnell women worked as an Unpaid Domestic Duties. Some less common occupations for Americans named Mcconnell were Iron Moulder and Domestic Servant .

*We display top occupations by gender to maintain their historical accuracy during times when men and women often performed different jobs.

Watch the video: . Destroyer Escort USS McConnell DE-163 is launched in Newark, New Jersey HD Stock Footage (August 2022).