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Fortuna

Fortuna



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3D Image

Fortuna holding a cornucopia in her left arm, 2nd century BCE, Rome(?), marble. Made with ReCap Pro from AutoDesk.

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Fortuna Air Force Station

Fortuna Air Force Station is a closed United States Air Force General Surveillance Radar station. It is located 4.2 miles (6.8 km) west of Fortuna, North Dakota. It was closed in 1979 as a radar station, remaining as a Long-Range Radar (LRR) facility until 1984.

Fortuna Air Force Station was part of the last batch of twenty-three radar stations constructed as part of the Air Defense Command permanent network. It was activated in April, and declared completely operational in late 1952.


Fortuna's Other Names

Sources for Fortuna are both epigraphic and literary. There are some very different cognomina (nicknames) that let us see which specific aspects of fortune Romans associated with her.

Jesse Benedict Carter argues that the nicknames emphasize the place, time, and people affected by Fortuna's protecting powers.

Those names common to both literature and inscriptions are:

  1. Balnearis
  2. Bona
  3. Felix
  4. Huiusce Diei (the cult seems to have started in 168 B.C., as a vow at the battle of Pydna, with a temple probably situated on the Palatine)
  5. Muliebris
  6. Obsequens
  7. Publica (full name Fortuna Publica Populi Romani had two or more temples in Rome, both on the Quirinal, with birth dates of April 1 and May 25)
  8. Redux
  9. Regina
  10. Respiciens (who had a statue on the Palatine)
  11. Virilis (worshiped on April 1st)

Fortuna - History

Long before Fortuna was known as "The Friendly City," the unincorporated town was called Slide and later named Springville.

In 1874, the town was named Slide because of the huge slides in the area which the present-day bowling alley now occupies. A year later, the town's name was changed to Springville due to the construction of the Springville Mill, named so because of the numerous local natural springs. Springville was a company owned town and the few people that resided there all worked for the mill.

The Road to the Friendly City, a Brief History of Fortuna

Long before Fortuna was known as "The Friendly City," the unincorporated town was called Slide and later named Springville.

In 1874, the town was named Slide because of the huge slides in the area which the present-day bowling alley now occupies. A year later, the town's name was changed to Springville due to the construction of the Springville Mill, named so because of the numerous local natural springs. Springville was a company owned town and the few people that resided there all worked for the mill.

By the late 1870's, Springville had grown large enough to house a post office. Residents wanted the post office to be named Springville, but there was already a town of Springville in California. On May 24, 1876, the official post office name became Slide. This meant that even though people lived in Springville, the mail was addressed to the town of Slide.

As the town of Springville continued to thrive, William McKinney decided to build the Star Hotel in honor of the Starr brothers. McKinney was impressed with the brothers because they kept a herd of elk in a fenced area in town, which was probably the town's source of meat at that time. The old Star Hotel building is now the location of Green's Pharmacy on Main Street.

In 1884, the Springville residents sent a petition to the state legislature that asked that the town's name be changed once more to Fortuna. It is unsure who officially decided upon the name Fortuna, meaning fortune. On July 3, 1888, the town and post office were officially named Fortuna. The town quickly grew into its name "fortune" due to its excellent location between the redwood forests, the mighty Pacific Ocean and the lush Eel River Valley.

After Fortuna was incorporated on Feb. 20, 1906, the town established itself as a growing community with a city council, a night watchman and a fire and water committee. The town became known for its agricultural excellence in its vegetable crops, berries and fruits and fish from the Eel River, although it was the lumbering that put Fortuna on the map.

The lumber mills that had first established Fortuna as a mill town regulated Fortuna's growth, and the area became more populated as the town became more prosperous. People moved to Fortuna with the prospect of good jobs and a genuine town in which to raise their families.

The railroad revolutionized not only the lumber industry, but also the town itself. In 1891, a railroad depot was started, and by late 1914 Fortuna was a regular stop between Eureka and San Francisco. The railroad gave Fortuna a direct link to the rest of the world as it allowed travelers easy access to the area. Trains also became the fastest way for mail to be transported between towns.

On Dec. 1, 1914, the first regular train passed through Fortuna at 9:20 p.m. and arrived in Eureka at 10 p.m. There were also some local trains, which connected Fortuna with the towns of South Fork and Shively.

The railroad put Fortuna in a perfect situation by having the rail line to town as well as having local roads to Ferndale and other towns to the north and south. By having connections in every direction, Fortuna began to grow and the other smaller towns in the area began to lose their prestige. People even began to take the train to Fortuna instead of taking the ocean steamers to Eureka.

The old railroad depot is now a free museum in Rohner Park that chronicle
gh April brings cooler and rainier weather and on a few very rare occasions citizens even get to experience a winter wonderland of snow.


The Story of Fortuna

While public speaking is nothing new for Carole Bradshaw, becoming an author is. Over the years, she has told the Fortuna story to many organizations throughout New Jersey. When a routine walk on the beach unfolded into an incredible story, she was urged to record her adventures in a book which she did in Fortuna. Carole still walks the beaches of Long Beach Island, New Jersey looking for treasures, though she doubts she will ever find another as grand.

Please join us at the NJ Maritime Museum on Friday, January 22 at 7:00 pm when Carole will bring the story of the Fortuna to life again. Reservations are required by calling 609-492-0202. Refreshments will be available. There is no admission fee but donations are always appreciated.

I have inherited a ship’s clock with Fortuna written on it and I would like to find out more about it and wondered if you could help …

Mrs Rhonda Davies, Carole Bradshaw wrote a book “Fortuna” that you may be very interested in reading. I actually just finished reading it today. My parents have the ships wheel from the Fortuna at their home in Upper Michigan. They inherited it from my great grandmother who purchased it at an auction from the Engelside Hotel in Beach Haven NJ in the 40’s. Owning a piece of the history of the ship made reading the book even more emotional and enjoyable. I would encourage you to pick up a copy of the book if you haven’t already. I do have contact information for Carole Bradshaw if you are interested. Best regards, Hilary Stern


How the Fortuna shipwreck became an icon for Ship Bottom, NJ

The maritime history of New Jersey’s eastern seaboard has been punctuated with over 4,800 shipwrecks. Covering the span of some 400 years, the New Jersey Shipwreck Database compiled by Beach Haven’s New Jersey Maritime Museum chronicles pertinent details about those many shipwrecks.

One such shipwreck, the Fortuna, became an emblem for the Jersey Shore town that became its graveyard.

The ill-fated Italian bark Fortuna ran aground at what is now Ship Bottom, NJ in 1910.

The grounding of the Fortuna was not the shipwreck that gave the borough of Ship Bottom its name – that is another story.

The arresting Fortuna hulk became one of the most widely photographed wrecks on the Jersey coast and numerous photos depicted people actually climbing the masts, hanging from the bowsprit, and standing on the underside of the ship’s hull.

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Fortuna remained visible only during most of 1910 until wreckers cut it up for salvage.

As memories of the wreck faded, vintage postcards and old photographs served as the only testimony as to the evidence of this tragic maritime event.

While violent storms provoked many shipwrecks, incessant coastal fog and darkness also caused many shipwrecks before New Jersey lighthouses were constructed in the latter half of the 1800s.

The heavily traveled shipping traffic to North American cities like New York, Philadelphia, and Boston saw many travelers and cargoes sailing along the Jersey Shore.

Because of the treacherous shifting shoals, numerous inlets, and dangerous sandbars, this area off the Jersey coast earned the ominous name “Graveyard of the Atlantic.”

On January 18, 1910, the three-masted, steel-hulled vessel with a gross tonnage of 924 and measuring 193 feet long, was transporting a cargo of coal from Montevideo, Uruguay bound for the port of New York City.

Built in 1869 in Hamburg, Germany, and sailing under the flag of Italy, the ill-fated final voyage of the Fortuna ran aground at the 16th Street beach at Ship Bottom during rough seas and thick fog.

Members of the Ship Bottom U.S. Life Saving Service saved all 18 persons without casualty including Captain Giovan Adragna, his wife, two children, and a newborn Adragna baby, along with a crew of 13.

That Fortuna has now become associated with the iconography, lore, and history of the seashore town which became its final resting place, has been largely due to the efforts of Brant Beach summer resident Carole Bradshaw.

While walking the beach, Bradshaw came upon some pieces of the ship in 1983. She also discovered Fortuna’s anchor protruding from the sand which was recovered, authenticated, and currently resides on the lawn at the Ship Bottom Borough Hall.

Later, on a frigid but sunny Saturday in January 2010, about 100 persons gathered on the 16th Street beach to witness a historic re-enactment of the wreck of the Fortuna led by Carole Bradshaw.

A scale model replica of the Fortuna sporting white improvised sails, rigging, and an Italian flag atop the three-masted hull bore the name “FORTUNA” in white letters.

Now known as “The Anchor Lady,” Carole Bradshaw authored Fortuna in 2010, an engaging account of how her discovery in the surf drove her to research how the wreck affected Captain Giovan Adragna’s family by tracking down the now-grown newborn.

Bradshaw has presented the Fortuna story to many organizations throughout New Jersey, including the NJ Maritime Museum in Beach Haven.

We invite readers of this intriguing story to share additional insights and information about their memories of the Fortuna shipwreck.

Photos used with permission from Six Miles At Sea: A Pictorial History of Long Beach Island, New Jersey by John Bailey Lloyd – Down The Shore Publishing, Box 353, Harvey Cedars, NJ 08008 – Copyright 1990 and Two Centuries of History on Long Beach Islandby John Bailey Lloyd – Down The Shore Publishing, Box 353, Harvey Cedars, NJ 08008 – Copyright 2005.


Our History

1984-1990

1984 - Fortuna Realty Group founded with first acquisition, 1489 First Ave.

1985 - Acquired 1527 - 1529 - 1531 York Ave.

1985 - Acquired 1661 First Ave.

1986 - Acquired 1963 - 1695 and 1699 Lexington Ave.

1991-1995

1992 - Acquired Loews Paradise Island Hotel

1994 - Acquired The Wyndham Sugar Bay Resort, U.S. Virgin Islands

1994 - Acquired note on 60 Madison Ave.

1996-2000

1997 - Acquired the Chemists Club (52 East 41st St.) and redeveloped as Dylan Hotel

1999 - Sold Loews Paradise Island Hotel

1999 - Acquired 127 W. 28th St.

2000-2005

2004 - Acquired former Hyatt Orlando Resort with entitlements to develop 4.4 million SF of mixed-use space outside of Disneyworld.

2005-2010

2007 - Acquired 129 W. 29th St. (100,000 SF office building)

2009 - Hotel Indigo Chelsea opened

2010-2015

2011 - Sold Lower Harlem multi-family portfolio

2012 - Acquired the renowned Garden City Hotel, Long Island

2012 - Sold Upper West Side and Chelsea multi-family portfolio

2015-Present

2018 - Started Construction, 39th Street Hotel, New York

2019 - Opened Hotel Hendricks, New York


Origins of a fortune cookie

Earlier this year we invited Jennifer 8 Lee, author of The Fortune Cookie Chronicles, to meet with our staff and share her insights into the mysteries of Chinese food. One topic that really caught our attention was the origin of the fortune cookie. You might be surprised to discover that fortune cookies are not a Chinese creation but rather an American one by way of Japan. I know I was surprised and I grew up around fortune cookies, although I always preferred almond cookies.

Excited about this revelation, research specialist Noriko Sanefuji went out to investigate. Armed with information from Ms. Lee, Noriko contacted Gary Ono, whose grandfather, Suyeichi Okamura, an immigrant from Japan, is one of the claimants to the original fortune cookie in the U.S.

Noriko Sanefuji (left) and Gary Ono (right).

In 1906, Suyeichi started Benkyodo, a Japanese confectionery store in San Francisco. The store supplied fortune cookies (Japanese fortune cookies are a regional delicacy and much larger than the ones we know) to Makoto Hagiwara, who ran the Japanese Tea Garden at the Golden Gate Park.

Mr. Ono showed Noriko a selection of antique sembei iron kata (hand skillet mold), which were used in the Japanese Tea Garden to make the fortune cookies one at a time. Although some of the katas were plain, others had engraved initials (M.H. for Makoto Hagiwara) or had logos for the Tea Garden (Mount Fuji with “Japan Tea”). Mr. Ono was kind enough to donate three katas to the Smithsonian.

Senbei irons. Gift of Suyeichi & Owai Okamura family, Benkyodo Co., San Francisco. Photo credit: Gary Ono.

(Left) Senbei iron with engraved initials, M.H. for Makoto Hagiwara.(Right) Senbei Iron with Japan Tea logo. Gifts of Suyeichi & Owai Okamura family, Benkyodo Co., San Francisco. Photo credits: Gary Ono.

Benkyodo continued to be the Japanese Tea Garden’s sole supplier of fortune cookies until the outbreak of World War II, when Japanese Americans in California were sent to internment camps. Chinese businessmen used the opportunity and started to produce their own fortune cookies, selling them to Chinese restaurants, and setting in motion an association between cookie and restaurant that continues today.

So what do you think? Did you know that about fortune cookies? I didn’t even get to the fortune part of the cookie. So I’ll leave you with this question, what is the best fortune you’ve ever gotten? And for those wondering, Gary says his grandfather resumed making fortune cookies after the war ended.

Cedric Yeh is Deputy Chair and Associate Curator in the Division of Armed Forces History and Noriko Sanefuji is a research specialist in the Division of Work and Industry at the National Museum of American History.


History, Faith, Fortuna

Chronologically and conceptually, this chapter links classical antiquity to the middle ages. Most of its focus is on the second to sixth centuries, and especially the overlap of ‘late antiquity’ and the ‘patristic era’, or the era of the church fathers. It addresses historical thinking in Christianity in the context of Christianity’s relationship to Greco-Roman and Jewish influences. It is a story of intellectual novelty, and of imposition, but just as much it is a tale of syncretism. Of the rationales for History identified in the introduction, the two figuring largest in this chapter are History as Speculative Philosophy and History as Identity, the latter especially in its genealogical form. Along the way in the chapter, attention is devoted to the relationship between grand conceptualizations of the overall historical process and the study of human choice and agency. That discussion illustrates similarities as well as contrasts in the way causal explanations can operate in disparate sorts of historical account, whether or not divine or quasi-divine forces are involved. The point looking forward is that at certain levels secular and non-secular Histories need not conflict.

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Eel River > Rohnerville

Rohnerville, a town, 2.25 miles southeast of Fortuna - was Eel River - named for Henry Rohner who founded the town and was the first postmaster for Eel River -

1849 December 20, Eel River was named by Dr. Josiah Gregg as the river cointained eels.

1857 September 4, 4th class Post Office established as Eel River, Humboldt, California located 2 miles south of Fortuna.

Henry Rohner, First Postmaster and still serving as such in 1859.

1860 May 3, San Francisco Weekly Herald - A CORRECT LIST - . Eel River, Humboldt, H. Rohner, Postmaster.

1864 June 7, Benedict Feigenbaum, Postmaster.

1868 April 23, Joseph Feigenbaum, Postmaster.

1869 December 6, James I. Coates, Postmaster.

1874 January 26, Post Office disocntinued and the name changed to Rohnerville.

1874 January 26, Post Office established as Rohnerville, Humboldt, Califiornia located 2 miles south of Fortuna. Named for Henry Rohner who opened a general merchandise store in the vicinity in 1859.

John P. Coates, First Postmaster.

1876 July 11, Amasa M. Gill, Postmaster.

1877 February 28, Seth H. Crabtree, Postmaster.

1887 April 14, William T. Bone, Postmaster.

1888 May 21, Brice H. McNeil, Postmaster.

1894 September 5, James P. Hopkins, Postmaster.

1895 August 17, Riverside Daily Press- HUMBOLDT COUNTY TOWN BURNED - Eureka, August 17 - This morning a fire broke out in the beautiful little village of Rohnerville, which destroyed about half the business portion of the town. The fire started in Chase & Moore's livery stable and spread rapidly. Two large stores, a shop, a saloon and the Central Hotel were consumed before the fire could be stopped. The loss is estimated at $25,000 with only $5,000 insurance. Rohnerville is the location of the fair ground where the annual fairs of the ninth district agricultural society are held. The origin of the fire is a mystery.


Watch the video: Антон Поляков. Расклад на ситуацию. (August 2022).